Birds are colorful and smart and have the amazing ability to fly. The wandering albatross, for example, can travel as far as 10,000 miles without stopping! In nature, these social animals find mates and join flocks. They don’t like being alone, and they call out to one another if they are separated. Birds spend hours side by side, chirping to each other while foraging for food, playing, and flying.
Even though birds are meant to fly and forage with their families, many are kept caged as “pets.” Birds—from different types of parrots to finches and more—are the third most popular companion animal in the U.S., with about 10 million of them trapped in cages all around the country. All these caged birds were either taken from their homes in nature or bred in captivity.
Just as there are puppy mills that breed dogs in horrible conditions, there are also parrot mills. Breeders warehouse thousands of birds in dirty, dark cages, where they can’t stretch out their wings fully—just like hens used for eggs.
Many people buy birds without realizing how much time, money, and energy goes into caring for them. Birds kept as ‘pets’ need a lot of interaction, expensive toys, healthy food, and large cages. When people who buy birds because they looked “cute” in pet stores find out that they can be noisy, messy, destructive, and curious animals, they are often given away or forced to stay in their cages for their entire lives. Some birds can live to be older than 100 years, but not many captive ones reach that age.
Birds kept as ‘pets’ are often so frustrated and lonely that they begin to hurt themselves. They pull out their own feathers, injure their skin, bob their heads, pace back and forth, peck over and over again at the cage bars, and shake or even collapse from anxiety.
Your family should never buy a bird—or any animal—from a pet store or breeder and shouldn’t support any businesses that keep birds caged as “decorations.” If you or your friends already share your home with a bird, there are a few things you and your grownups can do to make sure you’re giving them the best life possible: